The Governance Context Analysis follows the Governance Programming Framework (GPF) and it is part of the “GPF Resource Pack”. It emerged out of recognition that the GPF is not a rigid framework and that it cannot be applied and replicated as is. In order to be used effectively, the GPF needs to be adapted to the specific country context, drawing on sound understanding of country-specific governance arrangements. This way, the GPF will support/inspire the generation of locally designed Theories of Change (TOC) that, take into account the general GPF TOC, build on the local understanding and experience of governance, and enable us to deliver more effective programming.
This Guidance Note aims to provide direction to COs that want to conduct a governance context analysis and / or design a programme. It can be used by COs that are planning to design a Long Range Strategic Plan (LRSP), a thematic/sectoral programme or even a project.
The part on context analysis suggests a series of steps and guiding questions to explore formal and informal institutions, main actors, and barriers and drivers of change. The part on programme design suggests how to organize the context analysis information in a way that relates to the GPF and that will highlight opportunities for governance work. We hope that process will lay a strong basis for integrating governance into CARE’s portfolio and ways of working.
Please see below for a draft:

Programming Examples

CARE has piloted Governance Context Analysis in Ethiopia, the DRC, Uganda, Malawi, Sierra Leone, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Egypt, Peru, Zambia and Kenya.

Please see below an example of CARE Uganda's analysis of the forestry sector:
Uganda Governance Context Analysis.doc
Uganda Governance Context Analysis.doc
Uganda Governance Context Analysis.doc

Please see below for an example of CARE Zambia's analysis of the health sector (in the Eastern Province):
Zambia Political Economy of Health in Eastern Province.doc
Zambia Political Economy of Health in Eastern Province.doc
Zambia Political Economy of Health in Eastern Province.doc

Key Tools & Resources

Political Economy Analysis

For a general subject guide, see: Mcloughlin (2009) Topic Guide on Political Economy Analysis

For a donor’s view of PEA, see: DFID (2009) Political Economy Analysis: How To Note

For a how-to note from the World Bank, see: Poole (2011) Political Economy Assessments at Sector and Project Levels

For an NGO perspective, see: OPM and Oxfam (2014) How Politics and Economics Intersect: A simple guide to conducting political economy and context analysis

For a good explanation of informal institutions, seeHelmke and Levitsky (2004) Informal institutions and comparative politics: A research agenda

Power Analysis

Oxfam Quick Guide to Power Analysis

Pantazidou, M. (2013), What Next for Power Analysis? A Review of Recent Experience with the Powercube and Related Frameworks

Power Cube (2009), Power Pack: Understanding Power for Social Change

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